Entities are doing their business under certain rules, principles, procedures, etc. Rules, Principles, Procedures etc. depend on ownership of the entity. Entity ownerships are mainly private and public. Private entitles are owned by individual, on the other hand the public entitles are owned collectively. Government is a collective entity. Government is involved in every shaper of individuals social, economic, political, cultural and spiritual life. Even it plays vital role over the ecology in which the individuals are living. Thus the government is fare more complicated than the private entities. Depend on complexity the business are decentralized and delegate to different tyres, which is commonly known as allocation of business. Allocation is either made by the owner himself or board or by the Prime Minister or the President on behalf of the government.
The Government runs its business as per power confirred by the constitution of the People's Republic of Bangladesh under the guidance provide by acts, ordinance, rules, procedures etc. In exercise of the powers confirred by Article 55(6) of the constitution the President pleased to make Rules of Business, 1996 for allocation and transaction of business of the government. Schedule I of this rule describes the issues allocated to each Ministry or Division.
Allocation of Business: The Prime Minister may, when ever necessary constitute a Ministry of one or more divisions.
- Government business are distributed among the Ministries/Division as per schedule I of the rules of business. Each division have a Secretary.
- The Prime Minister assign a Division or a Ministry or more than one division or more Ministries to the charge of the Prime Minister, a Minister or a Minister of State.
- The Secretary determine number of working units and distributes the work among the unites of the Ministry.
Details of Allocation of Business of individual Ministries & Division are not that mush important for Election Commission official.
Others than executive organs, there are some constitutional organs of the Republic such as Election Commission. The business of the Election Commission is distributed by the Constitution.
The Constitution has mandated the following business to the Election Commission:
(1) The superintendence, direction and control of the preparation of the electoral rolls for elections to the office of President and to Parliament and the conduct of such elections shall vest in the Election Commission which shall, in accordance with this Constitution and any other law-
(a) hold elections to the office of President;
(b) hold elections of members of Parliament;
(c) delimit the constituencies for the purpose of elections to Parliaments; and
(d) prepare electoral rolls for the purpose of elections to the office of President and to Parliament
(2) The Election Commission shall perform such functions, in addition to those specified in the foregoing clauses, as may be prescribed by this Constitution or by any other law.
The Election Commission Secretariat is providing support to the Commission which is created under an ordinance called The Election Commission Secretariat Ordinance, 2005 issued on 5 March, 2008.
The business allocated to this secretariat are to assist the Commission in the following areas:-
- Prepare electoral roll for national and local bodies election;
- Delimitation for National Assembly electoral area;
- Holding election for the President, the Parliament and local bodies general and bye election;
- Establishing voting centres and gazette notification;
- Registration of political parties, symbol distribution and reservation of symbols;
- Appointment of personnels for holding election;
- Printing ballot papers and distribution;
- Procuring all election materials and distribution;
- Collecting election results, consolidating and publication in gazette;
- Constitution of tribunal and appeal tribunals for disposing election dispute applications;
- Analysis, research, preparing report and publication of reports;
- All administrative and financial matters;
- All legal matters;
- All development issues including preparation of development projects and its implementation;
- Registration of political parties;
- Any other matter assigned by any law.
Private entities now a days also allocate business under the previsions of the entity's bye laws, constitution and articles or memorandum of association.
Conclusion: Allocation of Business is an instrument. Using this instrument the entity implements its plans to achieve its mission and vision.